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Racism is one form of discrimination practised against people with different racial origins. Sometimes discrimination against others is a mix of discrimination based on race, culture, religion...

In Australia, there are various legal definitions of discrimination. However, they all more or less have the same characteristics as the definition in Victoria, below:-

Discrimination is treating, or proposing to treat, someone unfavourably because of a personal characteristic protected by law. This includes bullying someone because of a protected characteristic.

The Equal Opportunity Act 2010 sets out 18 personal characteristics (below) that make discrimination in employment against the law. Federal anti-discrimination laws also apply to Victorian employers.

Under the Equal Opportunity Act 2010, it is against the law to discriminate against a person on the basis of their actual or assumed:

  • age
  • breastfeeding
  • carer status
  • disability/impairment
  • employment activity
  • family responsibilities
  • gender identity
  • industrial activity
  • lawful sexual activity
  • marital status
  • parental status
  • physical features
  • political belief or activity
  • pregnancy
  • race
  • religious belief or activity
  • gender
  • sexual orientation
  • personal association with someone who has, or is assumed to have, one of these personal characteristics.